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Assessing the Implementation of Digital Improvements in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic to Deal with Key Public Well being Features: Scoping Assessment of Tutorial and Nonacademic Literature

Background

Digital applied sciences have been central to efforts to answer the COVID-19 pandemic. On this context, a variety of literature has reported on developments concerning the implementation of recent digital applied sciences for COVID-19–associated surveillance, prevention, and management.

Goal

On this research, scoping opinions of educational and nonacademic literature had been undertaken to acquire an summary of the proof concerning digital improvements carried out to deal with key public well being capabilities within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. This research aimed to increase on the work of current opinions by drawing on extra information sources (together with nonacademic sources) by contemplating literature printed over an extended timeframe and analyzing information when it comes to the variety of distinctive digital improvements.

Strategies

We performed a scoping assessment of the educational literature printed between January 1, 2020, and September 15, 2020, supplemented by an extra scoping assessment of chosen nonacademic literature printed between January 1, 2020, and October 13, 2020. Each opinions adopted the PRISMA (Most well-liked Reporting Objects for Systematic Critiques and Meta-Analyses) strategy.

Outcomes

A complete of 226 educational articles and 406 nonacademic articles had been included. The included articles offered proof of 561 (educational literature) and 497 (nonacademic literature) distinctive digital improvements. The most typical implementation settings for digital improvements had been the US, China, India, and the UK. Applied sciences mostly utilized by digital improvements had been these belonging to the high-level expertise group of built-in and ubiquitous fastened and cell networks. The important thing public well being capabilities mostly addressed by digital improvements had been communication and collaboration and surveillance and monitoring.

Conclusions

Digital improvements carried out in response to the COVID-19 pandemic have been vast ranging when it comes to their implementation settings, the digital applied sciences used, and the general public well being capabilities addressed. Nonetheless, proof gathered via this research additionally factors to a variety of limitations which have affected the profitable implementation of digital applied sciences for public well being capabilities. It is usually evident that many digital improvements carried out in response to the COVID-19 pandemic are but to be formally evaluated or assessed.

This report is a part of the RAND Company Exterior publication sequence. Many RAND research are printed in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in industrial books, or as paperwork printed by different organizations.

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